Dietary Reference Intakes: Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride. Clin.Cancer Res 4-15-2008;14(8):2437-2443. , Calcitriol itself is auto-regulated in a negative feedback cycle, and is also affected by parathyroid hormone, fibroblast growth factor 23, cytokines, calcium, and phosphate. View abstract. J Nutr 2001;131:2007-13. Manders, M., de Groot, L. C., Hoefnagels, W. H., Dhonukshe-Rutten, R. A., Wouters-Wesseling, W., Mulders, A. J., and van Staveren, W. A. J Am Acad Dermatol 2003;49:1204-6. Conversion: 1 µg (microgram) = 40 IU (international unit). Brustad N, Eliasen AU, Stokholm J, Bønnelykke K, Bisgaard H, Chawes BL. Fractures. View abstract. Ann Intern Med 2012;156(2):105-14. Barnett, C. M. and Beer, T. M. Prostate cancer and vitamin D: what does the evidence really suggest? Scarpa C. Tacalcitol Ointment Is an Efficacious and Well Tolerated Treatment for Psoriasis. Martineau AR, MacLaughlin BD, Hooper RL, et al. JAMA. Mult.Scler. View abstract. Z Hautk 2000;75:626-629. Smith, M. R. Osteoporosis during androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer. J Clin.Oncol. Plotnikoff, G. A. and Quigley, J. M. Prevalence of severe hypovitaminosis D in patients with persistent, nonspecific musculoskeletal pain. A randomized controlled study. Hemodial.Int 2010;14(4):486-491. Ann Trop.Paediatr. View abstract. Haggerty, L. L. Maternal supplementation for prevention and treatment of vitamin d deficiency in exclusively breastfed infants. View abstract. Bellantone, R., Lombardi, C. P., Raffaelli, M., Boscherini, M., Alesina, P. F., De, Crea C., Traini, E., and Princi, P. Is routine supplementation therapy (calcium and vitamin D) useful after total thyroidectomy? Bengoa JM, Bolt MJ, Rosenberg IH. J Am Geriatr Soc 1995;43(11):1269-1271. View abstract. J Bone Miner.Res 2011;26(10):2341-2357. Marchetti, A., LaPensee, K., and An, P. 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Arch Intern Med 8-8-2005;165(15):1737-1742. Smith, M. R., Egerdie, B., Hernandez, Toriz N., Feldman, R., Tammela, T. L., Saad, F., Heracek, J., Szwedowski, M., Ke, C., Kupic, A., Leder, B. View abstract. Med Klin. Find real-time D - Dominion Energy Inc stock quotes, company profile, news and forecasts from CNN Business. Acta Derm.Venereol. View abstract. Holick, M. F., Biancuzzo, R. M., Chen, T. C., Klein, E. K., Young, A., Bibuld, D., Reitz, R., Salameh, W., Ameri, A., and Tannenbaum, A. D. Vitamin D2 is as effective as vitamin D3 in maintaining circulating concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D. J Clin.Endocrinol.Metab 2008;93(3):677-681. Arnson, Y., Amital, H., Agmon-Levin, N., Alon, D., Sanchez-Castanon, M., Lopez-Hoyos, M., Matucci-Cerinic, M., Szucs, G., Shapira, Y., Szekanecz, Z., and Shoenfeld, Y. Serum 25-OH vitamin D concentrations are linked with various clinical aspects in patients with systemic sclerosis: a retrospective cohort study and review of the literature. Rinsho Byori 2010;58(3):244-253. J Endocrinol.Invest 2009;32(5):390-394. Scragg, R., Khaw, K. T., and Murphy, S. Effect of winter oral vitamin D3 supplementation on cardiovascular risk factors in elderly adults.  The effect is small or none for people living independently. Stockton, K. A., Mengersen, K., Paratz, J. D., Kandiah, D., and Bennell, K. L. Effect of vitamin D supplementation on muscle strength: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur J Clin Nutr 2010;64(4):400-409. In people with diabetic nephropathy, vitamin D seems to reduce protein in the urine and reduce inflammation. Thacher, T. D., Fischer, P. R., Pettifor, J. M., Lawson, J. O., Isichei, C. O., and Chan, G. M. Case-control study of factors associated with nutritional rickets in Nigerian children. Comparative effectiveness of drug treatments to prevent fragility fractures: a systematic review and network meta-analysis. Ringe, J. D. and Schacht, E. Potential of alfacalcidol for reducing increased risk of falls and fractures. 2010;42(3):723-739. Tuberculosis. Brodie MJ, Boobis AR, Hillyard CJ, et al. View abstract. View abstract. Calcipotriol vs. Anthralin in the treatment of chronic plaque psoriasis. View abstract. Lind, L., Wengle, B., Lithell, H., and Ljunghall, S. No major metabolic alterations accompany the hypotensive effect of active vitamin D. Ups.J Med.Sci 1991;96(3):199-204. Steroids 1999;64(6):430-435. 2000;43(9):1960-1966. A longitudinal study. Osteoporosis Society of Canada, Scientific Advisory Council. Binkley, N., Novotny, R., Krueger, D., Kawahara, T., Daida, Y. G., Lensmeyer, G., Hollis, B. W., and Drezner, M. K. Low vitamin D status despite abundant sun exposure. 8-26-2009; View abstract. World J Gastroenterol. Chen, P., Hu, P., Xie, D., Qin, Y., Wang, F., and Wang, H. Meta-analysis of vitamin D, calcium and the prevention of breast cancer. Am J Cardiol 10-1-2010;106(7):963-968. Sabherwal, S., Bravis, V., and Devendra, D. Effect of oral vitamin D and calcium replacement on glycaemic control in South Asian patients with type 2 diabetes. Cannell, J. J. and Hollis, B. W. Use of vitamin D in clinical practice. Schmitt, C. P., Ardissino, G., Testa, S., Claris-Appiani, A., and Mehls, O. In women who have this condition from taking a cancer drug called tamoxifen, vitamin D suppositories seem to help improve symptoms. Shahvazi S, Soltani S, Ahmadi SM, de Souza RJ, Salehi-Abargouei A. View abstract.  Members of the IOM panel maintain that they used a "standard procedure for dietary recommendations" and that the report is solidly based on the data. Kidney Int 2000;57(2):684-690. Osunkwo I, Ziegler TR, Alvarez J, et al. , In 2011 an IOM committee concluded a serum 25(OH)D level of 20 ng/mL (50 nmol/L) is needed for bone and overall health. View abstract. 2003;78(12):1463-1470. Signs and symptoms of electrolyte disorders. 1934;14:303-313. View abstract. View abstract. Am J Kidney Dis 2000;35:227-36. View abstract. Urol.Clin.North Am 2011;38(3):333-342. Pediatr.Nephrol 2003;18(5):440-444. View abstract. View abstract. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. BMC.Musculoskelet.Disord 2001;2:7. View abstract. Ng K, Nimeiri HS, McCleary NJ, et al. Yanuskiewicz A. Low serum 25 (OH) vitamin D levels (<32 ng/mL) are associated with reversible myositis-myalgia in statin-treated patients. 2003;57(8):710-718. These two vitamin D metabolites (called 25-hydroxyvitamin D or 25(OH)D) are measured in serum to determine a person's vitamin D status. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Hypercalcemia in granulomatous disorders: a clinical review. View abstract. Nutr Cancer 2004;48(2):115-123. J Bone Miner.Res 2002;17(5):891-897. Effect of Cholecalciferol plus calcium on falling in ambulatory older men and women: a 3-year randomized controlled trial. , Vitamin D deficiency is found worldwide in the elderly and remains common in children and adults. Arthritis Rheum 1999;42(8):1740-1751. Breast cancer. Carbone, L. D., Rosenberg, E. W., Tolley, E. A., Holick, M. F., Hughes, T. A., Watsky, M. A., Barrow, K. D., Chen, T. C., Wilkin, N. K., Bhattacharya, S. K., Dowdy, J. C., Sayre, R. M., and Weber, K. T. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D, cholesterol, and ultraviolet irradiation. 2010;121(2):469-477. N.Engl.J Med 2-28-2002;346(9):653-661. View abstract. Marya, R. K., Rathee, S., Dua, V., and Sangwan, K. Effect of vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy on foetal growth. Giovannucci E, Liu Y, Rimm EB, et al. Does vitamin D stop inpatients falling? What'd definition, contraction of what did: What'd you say? Int J Dermatol 1999;38(7):539-541. View abstract. Scand.J Urol.Nephrol. 11-1-1990;113(9):649-655. View abstract. Am J Clin Nutr 2004;80(6 Suppl):1697S-1705S. Richy, F., Schacht, E., Bruyere, O., Ethgen, O., Gourlay, M., and Reginster, J. Y. Vitamin D analogs versus native vitamin D in preventing bone loss and osteoporosis-related fractures: a comparative meta-analysis. View abstract. Ezquerra, G. M., Regana, M. S., and Millet, P. U. Levis, S. and Theodore, G. Summary of AHRQ's comparative effectiveness review of treatment to prevent fractures in men and women with low bone density or osteoporosis: update of the 2007 report. (d) Proceeds (sales price) (e) Cost (or other basis) (g) Adjustments to gain or loss from Form(s) 8949, Part I, line 2, column (g) (h) Gain or (loss) Subtract column (e) from column (d) and combine the result with column (g) 1a ; Totals for all short-term transactions reported on Form Yang HY, Huang JH, Chiu HW, Lin YK, Hsu CY, Chen YJ. Food labeling: health claims; calcium and osteoporosis, and calcium, vitamin D, and osteoporosis. (check all that apply). B., Egli, A., Kiel, D. P., and Henschkowski, J. Linhartova K, Veselka J, Sterbakova G, et al. 2010;20(9):627-632. View abstract. View abstract. J Am Diet Assoc. V. Meta-analysis of the efficacy of hormone replacement therapy in treating and preventing osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. View abstract. The best evidence to date shows that vitamin D does not reduce the risk of falling in elderly people. View abstract. View abstract. Dawson-Hughes B, Harris SS, Krall EA, Dallal GE. Bone Metabolism Working Group of the Spanish Society of Endocrinology]. View abstract. View abstract. . Chlebowski RT, Johnson KC, Kooperberg C, et al. Vitamin D insufficiency in North America. Reginster, J. Y., Kuntz, D., Verdickt, W., Wouters, M., Guillevin, L., Menkes, C. J., and Nielsen, K. Prophylactic use of alfacalcidol in corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis. Obes.Surg 2008;18(2):220-224. A., Cummings, S. R., Gass, M., Johnson, K. C., Ko, M., Larson, J., Manson, J. E., Stefanick, M. L., and Wactawski-Wende, J. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and mortality in postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative calcium-vitamin D randomized controlled trial. View abstract. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2001;86(4):1633-1637. View abstract. Ramsay, C. A., Schwartz, B. E., Lowson, D., Papp, K., Bolduc, A., and Gilbert, M. Calcipotriol cream combined with twice weekly broad-band UVB phototherapy: a safe, effective and UVB-sparing antipsoriatric combination treatment. View abstract. Eur J Clin Invest 1997;27(7):629-633. Christakos, S., Ajibade, D. V., Dhawan, P., Fechner, A. J., and Mady, L. J. Vitamin D: metabolism. But taking vitamin D does not seem to help mood or quality of life. , Delling, G., Diez, A., and health outcomes five years after active intervention ended: women. With cancer are most likely to be more likely to have a higher risk of death or heart problems people. Int Med 2000 ; ( 2 ):85-94 with pamidronate, a potent bisphosphonate, alone with. 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